Ohio Government Structure
State Human Resources Lingo
Policies You Should Know
Time Away From Work
Tax Savings Programs
Family and Lifestyle
The Classification Plan
Learning and Professional Development
Ohio Deferred Compensation
Ohio Hiring Management System
Union Benefits Trust
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Welcome to the State of Ohio! Before diving into the many benefits,
rewards and resources you have available to you as a State of Ohio employee, give yourself a head start in your new role by learning the “Need to Know” facts for state employees. Consider this web page your State of Ohio Employment 101 course. Explore below for basic information about the structure of Ohio government, important employment policies and state human resources terminology.
Ohio’s state government contains three branches elected by Ohio voters. The legislative branch makes laws, the executive branch administers laws and the judicial branch interprets and enforces laws.
Term limit: House members - four consecutive two-year terms | Senate - two consecutive four-year terms
Ohio’s House of Representatives has 99 members; the Senate has 33 (three House Districts within each Senate District). The General Assembly debates bills proposed for adoption as laws. Most bills require a majority vote in both the Senate and the House to pass. If a bill passes one chamber and is amended by the second chamber, the first chamber must concur with the changes. If there is no concurrence, the bill goes to a conference committee of members selected from both chambers. When both chambers approve a bill, it is then presented to the governor to be signed into law, vetoed or allowed to become law after 10 days without the governor’s signature. The Legislature can override a governor’s veto with a three-fifths vote of both chambers. When laws are finally adopted, they become part of Ohio Revised Code, and are known as “statutes.”
For more information on Ohio's Legislative Districts, visit Ohio District Maps.
Elected to a four-year term